Enshi Yulu, a special product of Enshi City, Hubei Province, Enshi Yulu Tea is a traditional Chinese steamed green tea. It is made from a leafy green leaf or a bud and two leaves fresh leaves by steaming. Enshi Yulu has strict requirements on the harvesting. The buds must be delicate and uniform. The tea leaves are tight and even, smooth and round, and the color is bright green. It is even and straight, like pine needles, white is revealed, and the color is green and green. The tea soup is clear and bright, the aroma is high and long-lasting, the taste is fresh and sweet, the leaves are tender and bright, and the color is green and jade. “Three Greens”: tea green, soup green, and green leaves at the bottom, which are distinctive features. Since the introduction of tea varieties and tea-making methods from China in the Tang Dynasty, Japan has still mainly used green steaming methods to make green tea. Its Yulu tea method is similar to Enshi Yulu, and its quality has its own characteristics.
Enshi Yulu is one of the few steamed green teas preserved in China. It is produced in Bajiao Township in the south of Enshi City, Hubei Province and Wufeng Mountain in the eastern suburbs. The craftsmanship and tools used are quite old, very similar to the way described in Lu Yu’s The Book of Tea.
Enshi Yulu was once known as “Jade Green”. According to legend, it was developed by Enshi Bajiao Huanglianxi, a blue tea merchant in the Qing Emperor Kangxi. From the late Qing Dynasty to the early Republic of China, it was the prosperous period of tea development. In 1936, Yang Runzhi, the tea manager of Hubei Minsheng Company, changed the pot to make it steamed. The tea was not only the soup of tea, but also the green and fresh leaves. The shape is green and green, white as jade, and the shape is tight and round, so it was renamed “Yulu”. Enshi Yulu has won the appreciation of tea people for its unique quality characteristics.
“Chinese Tea Classic” records: “Enshi Yulu in the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty, Enshi Bajiao Huanglianxi has a Lan name tea merchant, the development of the stove. Its roasted tea stove, and today’s Yulu tea roaster is very similar, the tea made, the shape is even It is tight, straight, green, and has a silvery white jade. It was once called ‘Jade Green’. It was renamed ‘Yu Lu’ because of its refreshing taste, whiteness and jade, and its distinctive features. In 1938, the rate of tea merchant Yang Run Yang Yimao, a tea-making technical worker, went to Wufeng Mountain to raise a factory and take over the tea garden and the original tea plant and equipment from the jurisdiction of Enshi County’s “Dian Yin Guan”. The silver needle, melon and chrysanthemum tea were changed to Yulu. Because of the excellent natural quality of fresh leaves of Wufeng Mountain and the perfection of tea making process, the quality of its products has been widely favored by the world.
Since the 1930s, Enshi Yulu has been sold to eight counties in Enshi and exported to Wuhan, Xiangfan, Guanghua, Laohekou, Yuxi, Chongqing and Shanghai. In 1973, at the Guangzhou Commodity Fair, it was exported to Japan.
In 1998, Enshi City used clonal breeding technology to gradually promote the cultivation of high-quality tea in Yulu, and restored the steaming process that has been lost for many years.