Lu’an Guapian is one of the ten famous traditional Chinese tea. It is called Guapian and tablet tea. It is produced in the Dabie Mountains of Lu’an City, Anhui Province. The main producing areas are Jinzhai County and Yuan District in the old revolutionary area, located in the northern foot of Dabie Mountains. Among them, the melon slice produced by bat hole tea farm is the most authentic. This piece of tea shaped like sunflower seeds, known as “melon seeds slice”, later called “Guapian”. Ming began to call “Lu’an Guapian”. It has been listed in the national intangible cultural heritage catalogue.
There is reason why an old pot of tea calls Lu’an Guapian the “minority tea” in green tea. Of all the teas in the world, Lu’an Guapian is the only tea without buds and sessiles, made from a single leaf. It is strong and not bitter, fragrant but not astringent.
The picking time of Lu’an Guapian is also very special. Generally, it is picked within ten days before and after the rain in the valley, and two or three leaves are picked in order to be strong and not tender. Traditional picking is mainly one bud, two or three leaves, the masses are accustomed to call it “open noodles” picking, fresh leaves should be timely wrenched, divided into tender leaves (or small pieces), old pieces (or large pieces) and tea stem (or needle handle) three categories. Now, there are also direct picking, one step to save a lot of things. I have also specially selected the third leaf of the famous mountain tea tree, refined a Pu’er cake, now tasted, have the same wonder.
Lu’an Guapian was listed as a tribute tea in the Qing Dynasty. According to historical records, in 1856, Ci Xi-sheng, the emperor of Tongzhi, was entitled to the monthly treatment of 1426’an Guapian tea. General Zhou Enlai and general Ye Ting also have no sympathy for Lu’an Guapian. After the founding of the people’s Republic of China, Lu’an Guapian has been served as special tea by the Central Military Commission. In July 1971, Dr. Kissinger, then Secretary of State of the United States, visited China for the first time. Premier Zhou presented Luan Guapian as a national gift of tea. During President Hu Jintao’s visit to Russia in March 2007, four famous teas from Anhui Province, namely, Luan Guapian, Huangshan Maofeng, Taiping Monkey Queen and Green Peony, were presented to Russian leaders as “national gift tea”. This reflects the deep national feelings of the leaders and expresses their concern for the people in the old revolutionary base areas.